- Parthenocissus quinquefolia L.
- Vitis quinquefolia. L.
- Grape family
Parts Usually Used
Root, leaves, bark and twigs
Description of Plant(s) and Culture
Climbing or creeping vine with adhesive disks on much-branched tendrils.
Ascending to 50 to 100 ft. mostly by means of its radiating tendrils
supporting itself firmly on trees, stone walls, churches, etc. This
is a woody vine of the grape family, with smooth leaves and many leaflets.
Leaves divided into 5 leaflets; elliptical to oval, sharply toothed.
Small greenish or white flowers in terminal groups; June. Bark and
twigs are collected after the small dark berries have ripened. Has
a persistent acrid taste; not unpleasant.
Thickets, weedy. Maine to Florida; Texas to Kansas, Minnesota.
Astringent, diuretic, tonic
Native Americans used plant tea for jaundice;
root tea for gonorrhea, scrofula,
dropsy, bronchitis, pneumonia,
cholera, diarrhea. Leaf tea
used to wash swellings and poison-sumac rash; mixed with vinegar for
wounds and lockjaw; astringent
Formulas or Dosages
The decoction is mucilaginous.
Berries reportedly toxic. Leaves toxic; touching autumn foliage may
cause dermatitis. Use this herb under medical supervision only.